Marigold: flower and planting

Marigold: flower and planting

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Marigold, one flower, more flowers, because this is the name of a genus that includes over 50 species of plants. They are all herbaceous, they can be annual or perennial, and can often be found in the flower beds or in the borders of some beautiful well-kept garden. There are both "simple" varieties, with single flower heads, either "double" varieties which tend to resemble carnation. We can find Marigold also as a flower inserted in bunches to give as gifts or with which to decorate the house, are in fact recommended as cut flowers. We also hear them called carnations of India and they are super easy to grow.

Marigold erecta

It is the most common species, it is annual and is recognized by its particularly erect posture that it can maintain even in less than optimal environmental conditions. It's a vigorous variety, not delicate and which has many ramifications compared to others, it is found in flower beds rather than used for bouquets of cut flowers.

Among the various species of Marigold, this is one of the few that can also be used to build hedges, it is found Also in Italy, very widespread, even if not native to our areas, above all near the lakes of Como and Iseo.

Marigold: the flower

The true origins of the Tagete are to be sought in Mexico, in fact, when we talk about carnation of India, by "India" we mean the American continent, in fact this historical-geographical distortion must be considered. The flower sprouts on a green stem on which dark green leaves also grow. Simple or double, flower heads can be crimson-brown or yellow, usually they are 5 cm wide and they bloom from July onwards, until September.

Marigold: sowing

The right time to sow the marigold is there spring, however, we must wait for the temperatures to be already quite high, so not in March but in April.

Being a plant that is also delicate at times, especially because it is not native to our country, it is necessary to lend attention even after sowing, so that it grows and remains vigorous and colorful until October. It goes without saying that with the arrival of winter, the flowers will wither, it is inevitable, but we can prepare for the new sowing.

Marigold: properties

One of the reasons this kind of plants and flowers it is widely used in flower beds, borders or pots, to fill with color and greenery, spaces that would remain empty and sad, it is not difficult at all to cultivate them. It is necessary that the the soil hosting the Marigold is well drained, dry, not too fertile.

As for the location, this flower loves being in the sun. What is recommended by the experts is a period of 8 hours a day, in the sun, every day, so that the flowers remain as long as possible.

Marigold: cultivation

If no particular problems arise, the Marigold is a flower that appears at the scheduled time and remains until autumn, always maintaining a pleasant appearance. There are strategies and tricks that can help us get one abundant and prolonged flowering over time. For example, let's start cleaning the plant from faded flower heads weekly and at the same time we can take the opportunity to collect seeds to be used the following year.

If we want to try to grow Marigold in our garden, to embellish a corner or the edge of a driveway, on Amazon we find a box of seeds for less than 5 euros.

Tagetes tenuifolia

There Tenuifolia variety it is one of the most aromatic and highest, as it reaches up to 70 cm. The flowering period is summer, for Tenuifolia, it begins in July, and begins filling the bushes with color which forms, thanks to the numerous ramifications. Both the leaves and the stems are delicate and elegant shapes, the flower heads are not enormous in size, on the contrary, they are rather small and refined, with a diameter of about 3 centimeters.

Marigold patula

Also called Stink, as well as the lesser Indian carnation and the Italian carnation, this Marigold reaches a maximum of 50 cm in height. It is not particularly pleasant to handle, as it gives off a strong, far too strong smell. Like the other species, it forms rather dense bushes, the leaves are smooth and carved, the solitary flowers with external petals that develop into extended tabs.

Minute marigold

Also called Huacatay, la Minute is an annual herbaceous plant of the family of Asteraceae. Its name derives from the Quechua language and always means something similar to ours minuta, characterizing this variety for its small size compared to the others. Indeed small it is, since it can reach 0,6-1,2 m tall, but it lacks nothing, it just looks like a shrunken Marigold, with its lanceolate and toothed leaves, its strong smell, and its tiny yellow flowers.

This variety ofMarigold grows in the wild in the coastal, Andean and Amazonian region of Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru, as well as in the Chaco region of Paraguay. In Italy it is difficult to find if he does not go in search explicitly, besides it is not easy to set and prefers other types of climates. It is known not only for flowers but also foressential oil used in the perfume industry and which includes over 27 components, the main ones being limonene, piperitenone and α-terpinolene.

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